Here’s the thing, the line between certain stages can get blurred since team members evolve at different times. How they trust each other to remain accountable for their tasks without dropping the ball. After the storming stage, they recognize behavioural patterns, strengths and develop foresight for upcoming roadblocks. This way, they’ll remain high-performing while re-establishing trusted connections. You book 1-on-1 meetings with team members to learn about each of their experiences.

Evaluating a team to Tuckman’s models can be helpful in determining the strengths of your team and how to best develop your team. It can be a great benchmark to both know where your team might have some dysfunction as well as where your team is at in the stages of development. Having this knowledge will better equip teams to meet their goals.

The 5 stages of group development

It is highly likely that at any given moment individuals on the team will be experiencing different emotions about the team’s ending. Team effectiveness is enhanced by a team’s commitment to reflection and on-going evaluation. In addition to evaluating accomplishments in terms of meeting specific goals, for teams to be high-performing it is essential for them to understand their development as a team. When a team reaches the performing stage, the team leader can trust that his or her team is ready for the challenges that they will be working on. This level of trust is shared between team members, and the relationship that has been built between each team member has a direct effect on productivity. The 4 Stages of the model consist of
Forming, Storming, Norming and Performing.

what are the four stages of group development

The forming-storming-norming-performing cycle repeats more often than you might think. I assembled a list of quick tips of my own and advice from experts that will help managers, leaders, and teams ensure that each stage plays out as it should. To sum up, here’s a quick overview of the behaviors, feelings, group needs, and leadership needs in the Adjourning Stage. In the meantime, the team quickly makes a few edits that seem useful for ranking the articles even better. The project is officially completed.In the end, Stella, Adam, Daniel, and Daisy go their separate ways, capping off the project as a complete success in every way. Some may falter at the earlier stages, due to the inability to properly address differences between team members or address problems as they emerge.

Navigating the “forming” stage

Some call this stage ‘mourning’ to symbolize the sense of loss that some group members feel during this regressive stage of group development. The act of recognizing the completion of a goal and consciously moving on can be challenging for some. Once a group receives the clarity that it so desperately needs, it can move on to the third stage of group development, known as the norming stage. The norming stage is the time where the group becomes a cohesive unit. Morale is high as group members actively acknowledge the talents, skills and experience that each member brings to the group.

Resistance to assigned tasks and bristling at certain rules or methods may occur. At this stage, members often begin to question the wisdom of the project what are the four stages of group development at hand or even the purpose of the team itself. When forming a team, leaders need to build trust, set expectations and encourage involvement.

Stages of Group Development

Roles become flexible and functional, and group energy is channelled into the task. Structural issues have been resolved, and structure can now become supportive of task performance. At this stage, the team’s routine and norms become stable and change infrequently. The team may start thinking strategically about their work and balance work on initiatives and process improvements. The roles and boundaries are typically unclear at the Storming stage.

what are the four stages of group development

The closure phase also allows time for reflection between individuals or the group as a whole, enabling them to recognize the valuable experiences which transpired or the skills which have been built upon. Typically, the outcome of the forming stage results in a better understanding of the group’s members and the direction of the entire team. Understanding the group’s purpose, setting goals and deadlines, determining how the team will be organized, assigning roles, and exploring available resources are activities that take place during orientation. Group work is often critical to the success of a larger operation or organizational goal within a business. Groups provide a business with multiple levels of insight and excel from the strengths that each member of the group maintains.

Storming Stage of Group Development

“Storming” can be thought of as “weathering the trying times that will come with the stresses of a project.” The latter doesn’t exactly roll off the tongue – so storming is efficient. It requires more preparation from the leader to go smoothly, but non-participation by team members can be catastrophic. The casual nonchalance in this stage should be balanced with a healthy respect for how important it is as it will directly influence how the team will act.

what are the four stages of group development

It’s no longer a game of cat and mouse where team members try to catch each other’s errors and criticize them. For example, Stella allows the rest of the team to suggest topics and angles for new articles more often. In some cases, the Norming Stage may often be intersected by the Storming Stage.

Tuckman’s Four Stages of Group Development

Your team needs to communicate clearly and, rely on one another rather than turn on each other. This is a crucial point in team development where leaders can pinpoint bottlenecks, areas of improvement and couple them with team strengths to build forward momentum. Every team moves through the four stages of development, and may slip back a stage or two as new challenges or opportunities arise. Being resilient, laying aside ego and working together will allow the team to meet the challenges and emerge stronger than when they started. Team members are able to prevent or solve problems in the team’s process or in the team’s progress. A “can do” attitude is visible as are offers to assist one another.

  • In this model, Tuckman identifies four stages teams go through and his idea was that if a team understands the stage they are in they will be more likely to work together successfully.
  • Initially, during the forming and storming stages, norms focus on expectations for attendance and commitment.
  • They simplify the sequence and group the forming-storming-norming stages together as the “transforming” phase, which they equate with the initial performance level.
  • It’s a great opportunity to reflect on your accomplishments and think about what you learned.

A fifth stage was later added by Tuckman about ten years later, which is called adjourning. It is believed that these stages are universal to all teams despite the group’s members, purpose, goal, culture, location, demographics and so on. Forming is the first of five stages in Bruce Tuckman’s group development model.

Process Mapping

As the team becomes increasingly self-sufficient, its managers can gradually delegate their responsibilities to the team members to give them more opportunities for growth and free more time for strategic tasks. A leader’s role at this stage is to encourage cooperation, leverage the strengths of each individual and, again, identify and resolve conflicts before they get out of hand. Encourage members to roll up their sleeves and work collaboratively. At this stage, having the skills to facilitate open dialogue and enforce accountability is critical. This is when things “get real.” Having found some level of comfort on the team, some team members may begin to distrust others—whether because of interpersonal clashes, past experiences or other reasons.

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This